Types of Pagan Deities

Are you interested in Pagan Deities? Then this guide is for you!

Several ancient deities are relatable to the culture and ways of life embraced by Neo-Pagans. They help with the most critical phases and issues in a pagan’s life.

Some pagan gods and goddesses handle fertility, birth, life, marriage, death, rebirth, weather, travel, health, etc.

Other deities have a powerful connection to powerful celestial bodies such as the moon and the sun.

Some of these gods and goddesses controlled the seasons and agricultural cycles.

Here’s a look at the different types of pagan deities.

pagan-deities

#1 – Deities of Love and Marriage

Most pagan gods and goddesses associated with love and marriage are female. Pagans strongly believe that the home and family are the woman’s domain.

However, a number of powerful male deities handle this domain. For example, Cupid and Eros are gods called upon in rituals related to love and marriage.

Love and marriage deities play an essential role in building lasting love relationships.

#2 – Water Deities

The oceans, seas, rivers, and other waterways have been important to the pagan’s spiritual wellbeing since time immemorial.

Just like the earth and the sky have been assigned powerful deities, the water deities have the power to transform people’s lives.

These gods and goddesses ensure a steady supply of rainwater suitable for agriculture. They also watch over sea voyages, calming the waters to ensure that sailors get home safely.

This was important to ancient pagans because the sea was the only reliable route to distant lands. Rivers acted as boundaries and marked the borders between different clans or tribes.

The water deities were also in charge of fishing. They helped fishermen to get bumper harvests to feed their families and communities.

In many cultures, droughts, floods, and storms were often a matter of life and death. The water gods controlled rainfall to ensure there wasn’t too much or too little.

When the weather was dire, and the people needed a reprieve, the pagans appealed to these deities.

#3 – Deities of Healing

These deities were called upon in rituals that involved healing. They were responsible for restoring wellness to people suffering from spiritual, mental, physical, and emotional infirmities.

The deities of healing were a favorite of shamans, tasked with providing healing to ailing community members.

Neo-Pagans have a long list of healing deities to choose from if you want to resolve health issues.

Of course, your choice will largely depend on your culture and the pagan tradition you subscribe to.

#4 – Deities of Thunder and Lightning

The gods and goddesses of thunder were common in many cultures across the globe.

They were given influential roles according to the Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Celtic, African, and Native American mythologies.

One such deity is Thor, the Norse God of Thunder and lightning.

Thunder and Lightning deities help us understand and tame nature. They teach us that nature will be kind to us if we treat it well.

Also, the deities of thunder remind us that we are not alone; we have some of the most powerful universal forces watching over us.

Other well-known deities of thunder and lightning include Taranis (Celtic), Jupiter (Roman), and Zeus (Greek).

#5 – The Mother Goddess

This deity takes many forms and shapes, depending on the pagan tradition you are handling.

The Goddess mother is assigned the role of protecting womenfolk, guiding witches in their covens, and creating abundant natural resources in the world.

In many pagan traditions, the Mother Goddess is also in charge of fertility, childbirth, and the welfare of children.

This sacred feminine deity is honored through legends, songs, and artwork.

#6 – The All-Father God

The All-Father God represents the king of all the other gods in pagan practice. The concept of this deity is usually found in traditions that practice polytheism or pantheism.

All the other deities defer to the All-Father God; he has the power to assign duties and supervise them.

He can also punish those who break his divine laws. This type of deity includes Zeus, the Horned God, and Odin.

#7 – Deities of the Earth and the Wilderness

When the ancients looked around the earth and into the wilderness, they knew this must be the home of some gods and goddesses.

The magnificence of the earth and the wilderness was too great; important deities had to be in charge.

Most of what we know about the old world comes from archeological work on the remains of urban centers.

However, many of the ancients lived in the rural settlements as hunters, gatherers, fishermen, fishermen, artisans, and traders.

The people in the rural areas had powerful gods supporting them as they went about their endeavors. Indeed, the word pagan comes from a Latin word that means a person from a rural district.

The deities of the earth and wilderness eventually found their way into the town and cities. They became an integral part of every pagan’s culture.

#8 – Deities of Spring

The arrival of spring was welcomed with open arms in many cultures. This marked the time of rebirth and new beginnings.

Several deities are connected to the events and celebrations that take place during spring. A good example is Ostara, a pagan deity that is called upon when the planting season begins.

#9 – Deities of the Summer Solstice

Many cultures celebrate the lengthening of the days on the summer solstice because there’s more sun for everyone to enjoy.

This is the exact opposite of Yuletide.

Pagans have connected quite a number of gods and goddesses with the summer solstice. These gods banish darkness and bring spiritual enlightenment and awakening to the people.

#10 – Deities of the Winter Solstice

Most cultures worldwide celebrate the winter solstice in one form or another. The Yule holiday is particularly important to Pagans and Wiccans.

They have assigned special gods to guide them at this time. For example, the deities of the winter solstice support pagans to understand better the cycle of life: birth, life, death, and rebirth.

#11 – Deities of Imbolc

The Imbolc festival falls at an exciting time – when the world celebrates Valentine’s Day. People take this opportunity to celebrate love and fertility.

The gods and goddesses of love, hearth, and home are honored at this time.

#12 – Deities of Harvest and Herds

Our ancestors looked to these deities for support in agriculture, farming, and the rearing of domestic animals.

Life in ancient times was unpredictable. Although we have advanced a lot since those days, we still need guidance to secure our sources of livelihood.

In Neo-paganism, the deities of harvest and herds are called upon for guidance in career and professional engagements.

#13 – Deities of Fertility

Pagans celebrate Beltane to honor the deities of fertility. This is a time of hope, when everything in nature seems to point to better days ahead.

This season is celebrated in honor of several pagan gods. It is the time to celebrate the gods of fertility, the hunt, the forest, and the goddesses of motherhood.

These deities are honored for the blessings they have brought into the community. Special prayers are also said for continued divine favor.

#14 – Deities of Death and the Underworld

The deities of death and the underworld are celebrated during the pagan festival of Samhain. This festival is held just before winter.

During this time, everything in nature seems to die or come to a standstill. Life ebbs out of plants, and they wither away.

The earth becomes cold and brittle, while the sky turns a dull grey. As the Wheel of the Year turns to welcome winter, everyone feels it’s like death is approaching.

The Samhain festival is also held to ask the gods for support and protection through life cycles.

#15 – Deities of the Field

The deities of the field are honored for the abundance they bring to our farms, animals, and homes. So naturally, these gods and goddesses are associated with bumper harvests in summer.

They also bless our families by expanding our territories.

Pagans thank the deities of the field for the growth of their farms and agricultural practices.

In modern times, these deities are closely linked to good performance in your studies or work.

#16 – Deities of War

The pagan warrior deities were honored before and after a battle. They guided warriors in warfare, kept them safe, and delivered them back home after the victory.

Some of these gods also collected the souls of fallen soldiers from the battlefield. An excellent example of a warrior god is Odin, the Norse All-Father God.

Neo-paganism pays tribute to these gods because they help us escape trouble. So if you find yourself stuck in a hostile environment, call on a war deity of your choice for support.

#17 – Deities of the Hunt

The pagan deities of the hunt are closely associated with the gods and goddesses of fertility. They ensured a bountiful supply in hunting, gathering, and fishing expeditions.

Although Neo-Pagans are more into conserving nature than hunting, the deities of the hunt still play an important role in rituals.

These gods and goddesses are called upon to bestow blessings in our careers and professional endeavors.

#18 – Deities of the Vine

Wine-making is an essential skill among some pagan communities. The deities of the vine are celebrated and honored during the Mabon season.

Usually, the deity of wine-making is a vegetative one – such as the Green Man, Dionysus, and Bacchus.

Conclusion…

Although the list above is not exhaustive, we believe it has exposed you to some of the important types of pagan deities.

You must have realized by now that these deities are drawn from our ancestors’ old cultures and religions.

This is because paganism is about honoring nature and reinventing ancient religions and spiritual practices.

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